He is a terrorist. Osama Bin Laden was born on March 10, 1957, in Riyadh Mintaka, Saudi Arabia. His father’s name was Mohammed bin Awad Laden and his mother’s name was Hamida al-States. His father was a businessman at Potter’s. Bin Laden’s parents divorced shortly after his birth, and he grew up in the home of his mother and stepfather.
Raised as a devout Sunni Muslim, he went to King Abdulaziz University College. There he studied economics and business, as well as hiring and interpreting jihadi. His first marriage took place in 1974 at the age of 17. He divorced several times, remarried, and had 20 to 26 children with wives. Many fled to Iran after the September 11 attacks. Bin Laden founded the Afghan Services Bureau, known as ‘Maktab al-Khilafat’, and used this organization to raise money for Afghanistan to support the Mujahideen.
The establishment of Al Qaeda and his role
In 1988, he split from Maqtab al-Khilafat and, with his popularity and influence, founded the most militant international terrorist group, Al Qaeda. The invasion of Kuwait by Saddam Hussein in 1990 threatened internal dissent in Saudi Arabia. Bin Laden appealed to the Saudi government to stop non-Muslims from joining the struggle, but they ignored his advice and deployed US troops on Saudi soil.
He continued to speak out against the government’s action until he deported two years later. He fled to Sudan and lived in exile. Following the Egyptian President’s attempt to assassinate the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, the United States accused Sudan and sponsored international terrorism. This led to the deportation of bin Laden with his organization in 1996. Upon his return to Afghanistan, bin Laden declared war on the US as a result of American intervention in the Middle East. He returned to his roots and enlisted the help of his allies in the Soviet Jihad to raise money to support his attacks. Bin Laden wanted mass murder, terrorism, and war crimes.
Since he died in a bomb blast at the embassy in 1998, he had named among the FBI’s Most Wanted. By the end of the year, American counterterrorism intelligence knew the planes had hijacked. Bin Laden immigrated to Afghanistan from Sudan in 1996 when he arrested and recruited more people due to al-Qaeda’s death. The bomb exploded at the US Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya on August 7, 1998. In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 11 people were killed, 85 wounded and 4,500 injured. Al Qaeda took the honor of the bombing.
The September 11, 2001 attacks and his destruction
On October 12, 2000, an American Marine destroyer off the coast of Yemen boarded a small boat loaded with explosives on the USS Cole. Seventeen sailors died and 38 were wounded. Bin Laden was also honored for the incident. Bin Laden has charged with bombing the embassy by a federal grand jury in the United States, but no trial can be held without any defendants.
Meanwhile, Al Qaeda operatives were busy planning the biggest attack of all: the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Despite the frenzy of the “global war on terrorism” after September 11, bin Laden refrained from being captured. He has involved in hiding through radio and television for nearly 10 years, recruiting fatwa and insults, recruiting enthusiastic young jihadists, and planning new attacks.
Meanwhile, the CIA and other intelligence officials searched his hideout. Finally, in August 2010, they found Bin Laden on a plot of land near Abbottabad, Pakistan, about 35 miles from Islamabad. For months, CIA agents looked at the house and photographed it with drones. Finally, on May 2, 2011, a group of Navy SEALs arrived at the scene. The al-Qaeda leader instantly shot dead in an upstairs bedroom with a pistol and assault rifle.
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