Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was the leader of the Indian Freedom Movement. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in the Hindu Modan Bania family in the British Indian Empire in Porbandar. His father’s name was Karamchand Ummachand Gandhi and his mother’s name was Putlibai Gandhi, while his father served as Diwan of Porbandar Prefecture. Mohandas had two older sisters and three siblings. Baba Mohandas Das grew up as your child.
India’s independence – Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas was not a good student at school. He married Kasturba Makhanji Kapadia in May 1883. He was 13 and Kasturba was 14 years old. They had 4 children. At the age of 19, Gandhi traveled to England in 1888 to become a regular. Returning to India from South Africa in 1891, he began practicing law in Bombay. There he saw racism and discrimination.
He spent more than 20 years in the country and helped to found the Natal India Convention aimed at making the Indian community in South Africa a unified political force. He was once asked to walk in the first class of a train despite having a valid ticket only because of his color, and on another occasion, he was asked to remove his helmet. These events angered him and instilled in him the spirit to fight for social justice. Gandhi returned to India in 1915.
He joined the Indian National Convention and by 1920 became a prominent figure in the Indian political climate. His followers gave him the name Mahatma. He urged all Indians to come together regardless of religion, caste, or creed. He advocated Ono’s collaboration with the British Railways. This includes boycotting British goods for Indian-style products. Mahatma Gandhi became the leader of the Indian National Congress In 1921.
The Sail march
The party that fought for freedom. On March 10, 1922, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was arrested for treason and jailed for two years. The British government imposed a tax on salt in 1930. Gandhi traveled 400 kilometers to the coast of Dandi. He made salt in his own hands to resist the evil tanks. Thousands of followers joined him for this symbolic act against British rule. This campaign is a great effort by the British in India. The British responded by imprisoning more than 60,000 people.
World War II began in 1939, and Gandhi thought it was the right time to force the British to leave. He called for a moment in 1942 called the Indian Movement. He has jailed for two years and released in May 1944 before the end of the war. By 1947, the British government had enough trouble finding India and England. So they left India, but only after diving into two countries – India and Pakistan.
India was independent. But India was not a peaceful process. It led to violent clashes between Hindus and Muslims. Gandhi repeatedly went on a hunger strike to bring peace between the countries. Gandhi was shot dead by a Hindu nationalist on January 30, 1948, Nathuram Godse, at the age of 78, while completing a two-day fast in New Delhi. He established a doctrine called Gandhism.
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