He was a scientist and inventor. He was born in 1860 in Missouri, United States. His father’s name was Giles and his mother’s name was Mary. Within a week of his birth, he and his mother and other slaves were abducted by the Arkansas Raiders. His mother and others who were abducted were sold in Kentucky, and he was saved by a representative of Moses Carver.
Education of Washington Carver
At the time, there were no local schools for African-American children, and he had to travel 10 miles daily to receive his education. After attending several schools, he earned a diploma from Minneapolis High School. He admitted to Highland College in Highland, Kansas, but upon his arrival rejected. He then went to Baylor, Kansas, and started a conservatory there.
In 1888, after giving him a loan of three hundred dollars on the banks of the city of Nessa, he decided to study art and piano at Simpson College, Indianola, Iowa.
Introducing the concept of crop rotation
In 1891, with the encouragement of his art teacher to study botany, he began attending Iowa State College of Agriculture and Ames. He became the first African American student to do so. With the encouragement of his professors in the state of Iowa, he spent two consecutive years at the Iowa Research Center. His work in pathology and mycology gained national recognition as a botanist.
In 1896, the president of the Tuskegee Institute, Booker T. He was invited to head the Department of Agriculture. He accepted the offer and introduced alternative crops for farmers. At the Tuskegee Institute, they played an important role in strengthening their research center. He introduced the concept of crop rotation and conducted research on crop production. His efforts to study crop development and diversification helped a large number of farmers.
This created the self-sufficiency and livelihood of the poor farmers. Jessop Wagon has introduced as an innovative mobile classroom where farmers can expand their farming systems. It was founded by Maurice Ketcham Jessop, a New York finance and philanthropist. From 1915 he began to research various new uses of peanut soybeans and sweet potatoes.
Expansion of peanut cultivation
In 1916 he has published his famous book “How to grow peanuts and how to prepare it for human consumption”. In 1920, he gave a lecture to the Peanut Growers Association on the different ways peanut can be used. At the United Peanuts Association, he described what peanuts. He exhibited 145 peanuts products. The following year, he testified before Congress to impose tariffs on imported peanuts.
In 1922, the tariff he proposed passed for imported peanuts. He has authored articles in many peanut industry magazines and has also written a joint newspaper column called ‘Professor Carvers Advice’. From 1933 to 1935 he researched the use of peanut oil to cure infant paralysis, also known as polio. From 1935 to 1937 he joined the USDA Disease Survey to study the causes of plant diseases. His master’s in plant pathology and microbiology contributed to this project.
In 1938, he founded the George Washington Carver Foundation, which aims to continue research in the field of agriculture. He donated $ 60,000 to the foundation. George Washington Carver has not married in a lifetime. He received an honorary doctorate in 1928 from Simpson College. In 1939 he awarded the Roosevelt Medal for ‘Outstanding Contribution to Southern Agriculture’. He died on January 5, 1943, in Tuskegee, Alabama, United States, aged 80 years.
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